By Lucy Gavrilenko
monotowns. They our history long long time, industrial revolution begun.
Factory of “RusAl” in Krasnoturinsk photo made by Yuri Timofeev
Nowadays 20% of all Russians live and work in monotowns. ome time ago monotowns as were and beneficial for country’s economic system. But now, after the crisi one of the of problems monotowns
We classified the into few small groups:
In Siberia here are lot of resources For example, Novokuznetsk (a city in Kuzbass has huge factories coal residential areas of the city. All surfaces in the town are covered with a layer of a coal . And of course, it influences people’s health and ecosystem.
Ural region. There are also lot of minerals collect since. in Russia knows that the Ural has the worst ecology in the whole country Azbest, Chelyabinsk, Ekaterinburg, etc.
Society in towns closed f any influences from outside. They live small communit and don’t coother. Also here is another side of the problem.
Every kind of industry can be involved in a crisis, and profit can be less than . eople lose their workplaces and their families money for life. Also if we look at monotowns as at the , we can notice that all sides of economic life of city depend on each other.
As a we have small town in crisis no money to and it’s becoming a circle of problems.
So what could possibly solve the problems of the monotowns?!
Ulan-Ude photo by Aaron Huey
overnment c three ways of
– Social migration. Withmean the end of such citiesleave and try to find a job in other places it means the death of all industry and faster falling of GDP and g of crisis, not just local scale.
-Investments in develop of city, help to improve other functions: education, tourism, scientific, etc. This is maybe the best small monotowns’ future. It will help the economic life of region get healthy and ha different industries. But here is one thing. In the budget, there is money just for 35-40 cities. But e 317 such cities in total all around Russia.
-Develop local industry and factor, add new working places and educational centers. t influence ecology?
This influence won’t be positive and Siberia and Russia will continue to kill the environment and people’s health.
ere isn’t any universal decision for each functional city in Russia. But I’m sure, just projects and planning of budget w help communities live in monotowns.
A see nowin Russian reality monotowns belong to the past and people should do the most difficult thing – adapt to new : improve ecology use direct democracy if they want to influence their fate and learn how to communicate with other monotowns’ communities to find decision together.