Живые пространства для всех: Covid-19 в городе

Для людей, живущих в городах во время изоляции, большой проблемой было свободное пространство как в доме, так и за его пределами. Пандемия изменила то, как мы используем городское пространство и воспринимаем его. Но достаточно ли этого для появления более справедливого и здорового города? Паола Эрнандес поговорила с урбанисткой Хелен Коул о неравенстве в городе во времена Covid-19 и перспективах перемен.

Paola Hernández: Как пандемия повлияла на качество жизни в городских районах?

Helen Cole: Пандемия изменила наше представление о городах, в том числе, о преимуществах и недостатках жизни в них. В начале кризиса города казались неудачными местами для жизни, поскольку высокая плотность их населения была связана с более высоким риском заражения. Однако со временем стало ясно, что настоящая проблема – это перенаселенное небезопасное жилье, которым вынуждены пользоваться некоторые люди. Эти факторы не распределяются в случайном порядке: возможность заражения, таким образом, зависит от различных и взаимосвязанных аспектов нашего общества, таких как расизм, сексизм и неравенство доходов.

Continue reading Живые пространства для всех: Covid-19 в городе

Post-Covid ekonomija: Nadilaženje kapitalizma

Korona kriza je dodatno pokazala kako je kapitalizam jedini način na koji se tržište može formirati. Ipak, može biti i drugačije. Ono što slijedi je poziv za post-korona ekonomiju u kojoj je tržište ponovno utemeljeno u zajednici i bolje regulirano od strane države.

Adam Smith je bio optimističan oko mogućnosti prilagodbe kapitalizma putem države i njegovim utemeljenjem u vrijednostima i ciljevima zajednice. Karl Marx, s druge strane, jednostavno nije vjerovao da je to moguće. Tijekom prošlog stoljeća, pokazalo se da su oba ekonomista u pravu. Financijska kriza 2008 i velika recesija koja je slijedila, pokazale su da je Marx bio u pravu: nesputani kapitalizam dopustio je financijskom sektoru da podivlja izvan kontrole i stvori mjehure u tržištu nekretninama. Covid-19 kriza pokazala je da je Smith bio u pravu: prvo, kad tržišta implodiraju, država preuzima, i drugo, osjećaj zajednice može voditi svakakvim inicijativama, od pomoći pri kupovini namirnica do prebacivanja tvorničke proizvodnje na stvaranja maski koje će se prodavati bez profita. Što je uopće kapitalizam i kako se može odvojiti od tržišta? Prema Smithu i Marxu, kapitalizam je određen izražaj tržišta i ne može se izjednačiti s konceptom tržišta. Stoga, tržište se može zamisliti na drugačiji način – na primjer u post-kapitalističkoj ekonomiji, ekonomiji koja više nema karakteristike kapitalizma.

“Prema Smithu i Marxu, kapitalizam je određen izražaj tržišta i ne može se izjednačiti s konceptom tržišta.”

Continue reading Post-Covid ekonomija: Nadilaženje kapitalizma

2020-a, nulta godina

Bez obzira da li će odjekivati generacijama ili ne, zdravstvena kriza je bila očigledan trenutak pucanja koji pokazuje da postoji i potreba i potencijal za sasvim drugačijim svijetom. Ipak, potencijalna promjena će zavisiti od izbora, pokreta i ideja koje definišu naš odgovor.

Zdravstvena kriza je zamaglila granice između mnogih izazova sa kojima se suočavamo u 21. vijeku. Kako da živimo zajedno u globalizovanom svijetu? Šta naše društvo najviše cijeni? Kako da se povežemo sa naukom, medicinom i tehnologijom i kako da preokrenemo propadanje životne sredine? Ova fundamentalna pitanja su se tokom pandemije približila onome što je u njihovom središtu: život i suživot. Efekat je taj da je 2020. godina doživljena kao opšta kriza. U šoku zdravstvenog i ekonomskog kolapsa sve vrijeme su bjesnili šumski požari i cikloni a rasli sukobi unutar i između društava. Čovječanstvo je tokom pandemije pokazalo i svoje najveće izvore nade: solidarnost, brigu, saradnju i preduzimljivost.

Continue reading 2020-a, nulta godina

Distance Learning and digital tools in rural communities of Armenia

By Yervand Abrahamian

Schooling across the world has been fully modified into distance learning due to the new COVID-19 pandemic. Vis-a-vis teaching has transferred to online platforms. Even the paperback classroom registers are replaced with their e-versions online. Odds are that certain teachers and students have always had preference for distance learning methods, yet for a good many people this transition appeared confusing and the distance learning tools – unusual or unknown. Aside from this, the poor quality or lack of internet access and the limited opportunities of students in many communities of Armenia are other dimensions of the problem. 

Moreover, students in rural communities of Armenia have limited access to quality education and opportunities due to teacher shortages and lack of digital resources to continue online learning, introduced as a result of school closures amid the COVID-19 pandemic. The new learning reality further aggravated the already existing inequity and socio-economic challenges faced by students from rural communities, who often do not enrol in high school or receive basic education. This sudden transition to online learning combined with the lack of rural teachers’ digital skills and devices amongst students has triggered declines in students’ online attendance and quality of lesson organization and teaching efficiency. Furthermore, regional geopolitical changes and the recent war in Nagorno-Karabakh had  immensely impacted the uninterrupted learning and teaching processes, particularly  for students from borderline and war-affected communities. 

To examine the new situation further, we have interviewed several Teach for Armenia program Teacher-Leaders asking them to share their experiences and ideas.

Continue reading Distance Learning and digital tools in rural communities of Armenia

Crowded metrobuses and bicycle races: How do people go to work in Bogota

By Lucy Gavrilenko

I was preparing myself for the journey to Colombia for about two months, and being in a rush, I found an interesting trend. The first thing my architectural co-workers and friends told me, finding out my destination, was that “Bogota is the urban paradise”, mainly, because Enrique Peñalosa (two times mayor of the city) performed his endeavours in the field of reformation of the Colombian capital so well.

This opinion was strong enough to make me refresh memories on lectures we had on the sophomore year about wonderful Latin-American bus rapid transit system. Try googling it and you’ll see an amazing picture – buses rushing along the road, people entering bus salons easily, crossing the city and following their plans with happy faces – I don’t even need to mention hundreds of kilometers of bicycle tracks. So it’s really hard to imagine a trick over this. However, when I’ve faced TransMilenio system in person, I experienced all the possible emotions – from love to hate.

To come up with a clear understanding of the situation, I invite you to call to mind some information on Enrique Peñalosa’s personality and his relation to the Bogota transport system.

Continue reading Crowded metrobuses and bicycle races: How do people go to work in Bogota

Introduction to Urban Steps for Resilient Future

Dear reader,

We are extremely pleased to share with you a project we have worked on in 2018. The Urban Steps for Resilient Future Project was developed with lots of love and deep commitment by a group of young activists from Eastern Europe. The project encompasses a diverse range of activities and tools. It also tackles issues related to alternative urbanization, resilience, public spaces and activism in the Eastern European cities, focusing on the role of young people and their rights to the city. Below, you can find a detailed description including pictures, videos, and publications that might inspire you! Enjoy!

If there is no discussion about youth’s role in shaping the cities, then what kind of cities are we looking forward to? What is the role young people have in creating a vision of the future of our cities? And how do you give them agency to be able to take part in shaping their local communities?

Continue reading Introduction to Urban Steps for Resilient Future

Guess the City – Summer edition

Greetings visitor,
You have before you a summer mini-project of AlterUrb Blog’s Editorial team. We wanted to create a fun, interactive and not too time consuming initiative for this summer at our blog and show interesting places members of our Working Group are visiting. 
Tourism affects cities a lot – it is particular travel agencies that decide what to show to the tourists and what not. This kind of tourism creates many problems for the cities. Airbnb takes over the center, particular parts of the cities are dominated by tourists and you practically don’t see any authenticity in the place you visit. We want to counter this problem with giving you some information about lesser known but still interesting urban places in Eastern Europe. It is a game of knowledge and chance so be quick and resourceful! 
Person who finds the most cities during these 5 rounds will receive a message of praise and a group hug from the team if we ever meet!
We will write the correct answers for each of the city at the end of the game – 5 cities, 5 questions, 5 correct answers.
Leave your answers in the replay thread below the articles! 🙂

Mystery City No. 5

Oh my fair thee daughter Dee, comee here an lemme tell ya a storee. Once, before the Great Flood and this world of islands I used to live in a city. Cities, Dee, weree not like our Olie here, they weree bigger, there was more land and space to build big things and small, more space to do anything you want. And there weree cars, I’vee told you about them. And there weree roads and the cars used thee roads and theree was a lot of them. The movement of thesee many carsee had to be controlled somehow and for that purposee Dee, theree weree traffic lightsee.

IMG_20190721_095541_HDR Continue reading Mystery City No. 5

Mystery City No. 4

In extreme situations, places of culture are transformed into places of resistance, a resistance against nondemocratic acts. Emergent situations call for immediate acts. A place that has always been a small cozy space where art was produced and exhibited, has now, for more than one year been transformed into a symbol of democratic rights and people’s power against tyrannic acts of the state. This place has become a reference point, not only because of the mere acts of resistance against its non-rightful demolition, but also as a representation of defying undemocratic acts and reclaiming what it belongs to the public. As such, this has become the symbol of the city it was built in.
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